Famagusta is a city on the southeast coast of the island of Cyprus.
In the Middle Age the city was one of the largest ports in the Mediterranean. This region is very famous for its rich historical heritage.
Famous Famagusta fortress with its great fortifications is situated in the center of the city. The fortress was built in Venetian epoch and in 1570 nearly a year it restrained a siege of 50,000 Turkish army. There you can also find Othello castle, where the events of Shakespeare's famous drama probably took place, numerous Orthodox and Gothic churches, built in different historical epochs. Friendly owners of small shops in the old narrow streets of Famagusta always offer various goods and the best in their opinion on the entire island.
You can do sightseeing of uncountable historical sights of Famagusta endlessly, what makes this area interesting for everyone coming to the city. The ruins of the ancient city of Salamis are located in Famagusta district. It is well preserved amphitheater, the Roman Baths and the Basilica. This place is famous of apostle Mark and apostle Barnabas preached in 56 AD. The first public university in Northern Cyprus - Eastern Mediterranean University was found in Famagusta in 1979.
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It is important to have a knowledge of the recent history of the island of Cyprus and the historical background of the Cyprus problem in order to understand the scope of relations between the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) and the Republic of Turkey.